The general population of the country is thirty million inhabitants, who are a beautiful mix of native Andean, Spaniard, African, Chinese, Japanese, Italian, and even English, German, Austrian and other cultures. The same country is divided in three regions: Coast, Highlands and Jungle, and its inhabitants´looks, traditions, music and way of speaking are totally different from one another. Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are the three official languages in Peru, but more than 44 native tongues are also spoken in the country, especially in the Amazon, where there are still non-contacted tribes.
Its biodiversity contains 28 of the 32 different types of weather, and 84 of the 106 ecosystems recognized in the world. Since pre-Inca times they did genetic fusions, making it possible, nowadays, the registration of 3,000 potatoes species as well as a big diversity of fruits, vegetables, medicine plants and grains which locate Peru as one of the most important Resource Genetic Bank of the world .
Lima city is considered the Culinary Capital of America, and the Peruvian cuisine is the most varied and versatile of the world. This success is the forunate consequence of the big natural diversity of products that the Peruvian lands offer together with the fusion of two developed culinary techniques: the Spanish and Incas, merge that occurred the moment Peru was conquered by Spain in 1532 and during all the events that came with the colony for almost three hundred years. Another important influence in this cuisine that appeared during this colonial period was the one of the African slaves. This fusions grew with all the other foreign migrations giving birth to some of the most famous dishes such as the ceviches, lomo saltado, aji de gallina and causas, usually combined with the famous cocktail Pisco Sour or Inca Kola, the local soda.
In the nineties, Peru opens its market for foreign investors; the result of this is the reduction of poverty from 60% to 30%. That decade, Peruvian economy grew between 7% to 9%, and its inflation became pretty low, locating this country as one of the five best to invest in the world. Peru´s main economic activities are mining, fishing and agriculture. The mining business mainly exports silver, gold, copper and zinc. The fish industry catches big quantities of sardines and anchovies which are used to produce fishmeal and Omega 3 that are exported to China, U.S.A., Canada and Japan. Regarding agricultur, Peru's the main products are coffee, asparagus, artichokes, mangoes, papayas, grapes, paprika, cotton, sugar, etc., and all these goods are also exported to many countries around the world.
DISCOVER PERU, CRADDLE OF CIVILIZATION OF THE AMERICAS
Peru is a fascinating country. It's biodiversity, exotic cuisine, multiethnicity, landscapes and millenary culture makes it an attractive country for every visitor. It doesn't matter what your main interest is: culture, history, nature, comfort travel or trekking; Peru has something to offer to every visitor.
It has been under the world's spotlight for being the center of the magnificent Inca Empire. Nevertheless, archaeological diggings in Caral, 195 km. north of Lima, have amazed everyone during the last decade, for the uncovering of the craddle of civilization in the Americas in this country, breaking Max Uhle theory that civilization emerged first in Meso-America and then migrated south.
Peru is an amazing country, and the biggest reason is definitely because it is so varied. Its ancient history talks about Caral, the oldest civilization of America, and one of the oldest of the world, contemporary with Egypt and Mesopotamia, older than China and India. Since Caral period, three thousand years BC, we find and interesting development in architecture, engineering, music, agriculture and social organization that includes commerce routes among faraway towns. It´s archaeological work shows the development of several society groups, later absorbed by the Wari Empire, and then the famous Incas, who built impressive stone constructions which had remained after so many years of earthquakes and natural disasters. The highlight of this period is the archaeological site of Machu Picchu, located in Cusco region, ex capital of the Inca empire. This place is visited all year round by thousands of travelers from all around the world. Machu Pichu is considered one of the seven world wonders, and this year is celebrating the century of its discovery.